Even though 52% of the UK have forced Britain to leave the EU, all British citizens and British passport holders are still part of the European Union until the UK Government gets their act together and declares an official exit date… which could be years away. British citizens can continue to enjoy freedom of movement across the EU on their British passports and take advance of EU rights and regulations until the UK officially leaves. Nothing as yet has changed.
Some of the travelling agreements discussed below will eventually have to be renegotiated between the UK and the EU as a result of ‘brexit’, but until they are this page is as up to date as it possibly can be on present agreements (June 2016).
…and for the record, I voted to stay in the EU.
A travel essential
If you have flown anywhere in Europe over the past few years with only hand luggage accompanying you onto the plane, then you will know all about the dilemma of trying to stuff as many 100ml toiletry bottles into a clear 20cm x 20cm resealable bag.
Some department stores and pharmacies now sell clear plastic resealable 20cm x 20cm cosmetic style cases purposely designed for taking liquid-based products in hand luggage through airport security. Most claim that these cases are accepted by all airports worldwide, but some airport security officers can reject them on a whim, so to avoid such a situation I prefer using disposable freezer bags instead.
Resealable freezer bags, available from all major supermarkets (and occasionally at airport security), are one of the best travelling essentials you can have in your hand luggage. As well as being able to take liquid-based products through airport security in them – only one 20cm x 20cm bag per passenger – use them for carrying sandwiches/nibbles when sight-seeing, put dirty underwear into them to prevent soiling your suitcase, or place your damp swimwear into one when it’s time to repack and return home. They are immensely versatile, take up very little room in your hand luggage, and are relatively cheap to buy. Take as many of them with you abroad as you can in as many sizes as you can… but remember only one clear 20cm x 20cm sized resealable freezer bag (usually the small ones) can be presented at airport security with your liquid-based products in it.
Packing that freezer bag
If you are flying from any of the major London airports with hand luggage, then only pack your most expensive toiletries/cosmetics you just can’t live without into that little resealable bag in no more than 100ml bottles. Leave the cheap deodorant, supermarket toothpaste and even the sun tan lotion behind. Don’t waste time and energy trying to find the latter products in 100ml bottles nor try filling 100ml bottles with them before cramming them all into your already heaving resealable bag, because as soon as you have passed through airport security you are free to buy any liquid-based product available in the departures lounge in whatever size bottle you can find, and take them on to the plane with you. There are small branches of Boots the Chemist in the departures lounges at Gatwick, Luton, Stansted, London City and of course Heathrow selling the well known street brands in deodorants, creams, toothpastes and of course sun tan lotion.
Smaller UK airports may only have Duty Free shops in their departures lounges, but most airports have their own websites now detailing their services and shops so you can always check beforehand if there is a branch of Boots or equivalent to stock up in. The products may cost a little more in the departures lounge than from the high street, but I would argue it’s worth paying the price rather than trying to survive on a sun-kissed beach for a fortnight on only the 100ml of sun tan lotion you got through Security.
Unfortunately, I have rarely come across a Boots the Chemist or equivalent in any of the mainland European airports I have flown out of, so you may not be able to stock up as easily, or indeed at all in mainland European airport departures lounges. If so, then pack that 20cm x 20cm resealable bag wisely.
Security will not allow you through with a bottle that holds more than 100ml even if there is only 100ml of liquid or less left inside the bottle. Each bottle taken in the 20cm x 20cm resealable bag has to be no more than 100ml in volume.
Even if you only have one bottle of liquid product in the resealable bag and nothing else, that bottle still has to be 100ml or less.
You can take more than 100ml of the same liquid product with you in the freezer bag, but the liquid has to be distributed across a number of bottles holding no more than 100ml each. Madness? Yes, but those are the rules.
The maximum amount of liquid you can take through airport security in a freezer bag is one litre. If anyone has been able to fit more than ten x 100ml bottles of liquid into a 20 cm x 20 cm freezer bag without it bursting, please do let me know so I can congratulate you.
Essential prescription liquid medicines, essential liquid dietary products and baby products (only if taking a baby on board with you) can be in larger than 100ml bottles and be put in a separate resealable bag to your other liquid-based products, but they must be presented separately at Security. You may be asked to sample the contents before being allowed through with them or show proof e.g. a doctor’s certificate, that you require the prescription.
Toiletry bottles from The Body Shop are usually 100ml so always keep and reuse them for your trips. Otherwise, take the empty bottles of shampoo and shower gel most hotels leave in your bathroom home with you and reuse them on your next trip as they are usually around 50-100ml in volume. If you are taking the hotel bottles home with you full, then they will have to go into the resealable bag with your other liquid-based products.
The resealable bag must be transparent but the bottles inside it do not. I’ve always travelled with opaque bottles and I haven’t experienced any problems with them at security.
Perfumes, deodorant sprays, hairspray, shaving foam and liquid make-up like foundation must go into the resealable bag as well, in 100ml bottles/spray-cans or less. Technically powder make-up like blusher and shine-control compacts are not liquid-based so do not have to go into the resealable bag and can stay in your hand luggage. I’ve often packed mine in my hand luggage and security have not stopped me from doing so. You may have a problem with more oil based products like eye make-up and lip-stick though, so if in doubt either put it in the resealable bag or leave it at home.
Wet wipes do not have to go into the resealable bag. They can stay in your hand luggage.
Empty, dry bottles in whatever size can be taken separately in your hand luggage, but security may still want to check the bottles to be sure they are liquid-free. Leave such bottles out of your luggage and present them to security before putting anything through the X-ray machines to save further searches being made through your luggage.
I’m sure it goes without saying to leave the cotton buds, pads, make-up brushes, eyelash curlers etc. out of that resealable bag. Make every millimetre of that bag count as you are only allowed one per passenger.
Leave the tweezers, scissors and razors out of your hand luggage altogether as these may be classed as weapons and will be confiscated at security. You may be able to buy some disposable razors in UK departures lounges.
Waxing strips are fine to take in your hand luggage, but waxing creams will have to go into the resealable bag and be presented in tubes/containers that are no more than 100ml in volume.
Please, please, please do not be tempted to try and smuggle through an extra bottle of sun tan lotion or a bottle of water in your hand luggage in the hope it will not be noticed, even if it is less than 100ml in volume. If it is not presented in the resealable 20cm x 20cm bag and the X-ray machines spot it in your hand luggage – and they will spot it – Security will confiscate it and make further checks through your luggage, delaying you and everyone else behind you. On a recent trip to Rome I almost missed my flight when my bag was randomly selected and set aside by Security for a routine search, yet I still had to wait in line for over forty minutes as I watched suitcase after suitcase before me being ramsacked by security officers after large bottles of sun tan lotion were found in every single one of those cases by the X-ray machines.
On your way home, don’t forget to throw away anything you haven’t used up that’s not in a 100ml bottle or less before reaching the airport. There may only be a few drops of toner left at the bottom of the bottle, but if that vessel is more than 100ml in size, it will be taken from you and further checks through your luggage will be made.
More on these restrictions can be found on the Gov.uk website here.
One other option is to just ditch the resealable bag, put everything you need in your suitcase in whatever size bottle you desire and simply check the suitcase in. Your fare will cost significantly more if checking in that suitcase but it may save a lot of stress. I however hate checking luggage in so I refill my 100ml bottles and repack my 20cm x 20cm freezer bag as soon as I return home from a trip so it is ready to just throw into my hand luggage the night before my next holiday.
Bringing liquids onto the Eurostar
There are no restrictions on the volume of liquid you can bring in your hand luggage when boarding the Eurostar. You do not have to restrict yourself to 100ml bottles or less and do not have to present your liquid-based products in a 20 cm x 20 cm clear bag at security.
Charge it up and buy a plug adaptor (or three)
Since July 2014 all battery-based electronic devices including cameras, travel irons and electrical shavers taken on board a flight must hold enough charge on arrival at security to be able to be switched on and off for inspection, otherwise they could be confiscated and you may not even be allowed on the flight. So, pack your chargers and invest in an adaptor plug (see below)
More information on this can be found on the Gov.uk website here.
Plug Adaptors – UK, European and Swiss
You may be well aware that mainland Europe uses two-round-pin plugs compared to the UK’s three-square-pin ones. But did you know that Switzerland uses a separate three-round-pin plug very different to the other two?
European-to-UK and UK-to-European plug adaptors are fairly easy and cheap to buy. Large department stores, electrical stores, online travel sites and airport departure lounges should sell them for a few Euros/Pounds and are well worth investing in one.
The Swiss adaptor however is a little more difficult to find outside Switzerland. Of course, you will not have any need for one unless travelling to Switzerland and once inside the country they can be picked up easily from Swiss airports or large Swiss department/electrical stores like the Co-op for around 5 CHF (4 Euros/£3). If however you forget to pick one up whilst passing through the arrivals lounge or do not have the chance to go Swiss shopping, then hopefully your hotel should be able to supply you with one. Almost all are European-to-Swiss adaptors so for UK plugs use your UK-to-European adaptor first then slot this into your European-to-Swiss adaptor. It will make a huge plug, but one that will charge up your devices successfully.
Bringing food and drink on to the plane
There are no restrictions on taking food on to the plane with you (apart from durian fruit), so you are allowed to buy a snack in the departures lounge and take it on board. If you really want to save the pennies why not make a sandwich or two before you leave, throw a piece of fruit and/or a packet of crisps into your bag and take it all through security rather than buying the overpriced (and arguably not very appetising) offerings on the plane.
Drinks however are more problematic. Even drinking-water falls under the 100ml bottle limit and must be put in the freezer bag if taken through Security. But there is no reason why you can’t buy a larger bottle in the departures lounge beyond and take it on board. Although it will be a little more expensive than on the high street, it will probably still be much cheaper than buying a bottle on board.
If you are part of the European Union, Iceland, Norway or Switzerland (see below with regards to the UK), you are entitled to reduced-cost or even free basic state healthcare abroad in other EEC countries and Switzerland as long as you have an European Health Insurance Card. Applying for an EHIC is straightforward online and is absolutely free so ignore websites that offer the application service for a small fee. The card is valid for a number of years from the day of application and usually take 2-3 weeks to process.
Do not be tempted to treat this card as an alternative to travel insurance. It is only an accompaniment. If you are unlucky enough to need serious healthcare whilst abroad e.g. treatment for a broken leg, the EHIC will not cover all if any of the potential treatment costs and certainly will not help with repatriation costs, so get comprehensive travel insurance before you depart as well.
Now that the UK has decided to leave the EU (boo!), the UK will have to renegotiate its agreement with the EU regarding healthcare for UK citizens travelling in mainland Europe. However, until the UK officially leaves the EU – which could take years – theoretically the EHIC is still valid for UK travellers to use. We are still in the EU and can enjoy EU rights until the official ‘brexit’ date is set.
British citizens who have a National Insurance or NHS number can apply for a card from the Gov.uk website here. Otherwise, a quick Google search will point you to the right EHIC Government webpage for your residential country. Remember: ignore those sites that charge a fee for this card. Applications are free regardless of your country of origin.
Handy tip for reducing creases
Wrap your pile of packed clothes in tissue paper. Even just one sheet over the top of the pile (and tucked in at the sides) will significantly reduce creasing. Wrap silks separately.
Essentials to have with you at all times
– A light cardigan, pashmina shawl or scarf that can easily be carried in your handbag for covering over your shoulders if you plan to explore places of worship. Catholic strongholds like Italy and Spain will not allow women into their churches with bare shoulders on show (shorts can sometimes be a no-no as well). I once saw a woman with spaghetti straps have a tantrum on the steps of St Peter’s at the Vatican when turned away after queuing up for the best part of an hour to get inside. Some of the major tourist places of worship now like St Mark’s Basilica in Venice, sell horrid blue paper ponchos to sleeveless visitors for around €1 a piece which will certainly not win any fashion contests, but will make you modest enough to cross the Divine threshold.
– A small pack of travel tissues, preferably wet wipes. I was once visiting a flower garden half way up a mountain along the shores of stunning Lake Maggiore in Italy when the call of nature whispered in my ear. I followed the signs to the public loo, only to find a corrugated composting hut with literally a hole dug into the ground and wooden planks along either side of it with footprint marks painted on them indicating how I should ‘position’ myself. There was no sink in there either so I was very pleased I had packed those wet wipes into my bag earlier that day.
– A second form of ID other than your passport. Bring your driving licence/ID card with you in your bag at all times, and leave your passport in your hotel room’s safety deposit box. You may need ID to gain access to certain public places or to buy alcohol if you’re lucky enough to still look youthful (alas, those days are gone for me now). In some countries it is a requirement to carry a form of ID with you at all times. If you’re unlucky enough to lose your driving licence, or your bag is snatched with it inside, at least you will still be able to get home if your passport is safe at the hotel. A driving licence is also much cheaper and easier to replace than a passport. In 2015 it cost around £20 to replace a driving licence in the UK, but at least £90 (and laborious forms to fill in and get counter-signed) to replace a passport.
– A plastic bag or foldaway bag for any food purchases you may make. Most stores in Europe will charge a few pence for a plastic bag, but some shops may not offer carrier bags at all. I was once told off in a supermarket in Ireland for not having brought my own bag with me and a lot of fuss was made to locate a bag for me to carry my groceries in. For extra personal safety, try to make sure your own carrier bags are not branded with a typically British name like “Morrisons” or “M&S” on them so you don’t stand out like a sore thumb – or a tourist – amongst the locals.
– An umbrella preferably a compact one that will fit neatly into your handbag.
– A bottle of water, a banana (or whatever fruit takes your fancy), and some nibbles. The proprietor may frown upon it, but if breakfast is part of your hotel deal then you’ve paid for access to their breakfast buffet so why not top your water bottle up and take an apple away with you for later?
Booking the hotel
I know it’s obvious, but do your research. When picking a hotel there’s nothing like fellow travellers’ experiences and honest opinions to help you decide which is the best one to stay at. Tripadvisor is superb for this, and is my pre-travel bible (they have no idea I have said this and they have no idea who I am, so rest assured dear reader I am not gaining anything at your expense for sending you to their website).
As well as choosing the best hotel, again these may seem obvious tips but my advice especially to ladies travelling alone is to choose a hotel that:
– isn‘t near the main connection train station, especially in cities. It may seem convenient to be a stone’s throw away from your main transport connection to/from the airport, but larger city stations like e.g. King’s Cross in London, often attract the most unsavoury characters at night to say the least. Your chosen hotel may be the best in town but you don’t want to have to walk past drug dealers and pimps to get back to it at night.
– but is within walking distance of a metro stop/bus stop/tram stop so you don’t have to walk miles or pay out to taxis every time you need to leave and return to your hotel.
– is near a market/supermarket. I always carry nibbles with me during the day because, as I said earlier you don’t know where you might be when hunger and thirst strikes. You may be miles from a restaurant, or find yourself in the perfect spot for a nice picnic. Also, it saves money which helps if you’re on a budget, you have a fair idea on the quality of the food you have bought as you picked/prepared it yourself, and you have peace of mind knowing who exactly made that sandwich (unless of course you bought the supermarket’s own ready-made ones).
– offers rooms with a safe or access to a safety deposit box and put your passport into it! It’s unlucky to lose your camera or MP3 when on holiday, but it will be an absolute nightmare if you lose your passport.
– offers rooms with a minibar not to enjoy the contents of the minibar (unless money is no object) but to use the minibar as a fridge for your own goods, packed lunches and bottles of water.
– offers free internet access. Nowadays most hotels do offer wi-fi, but surprisingly some still charge customers for the privilege. I am finding wi-fi more and more essential on every trip, so I wouldn’t even consider a hotel now that charges to use their wi-fi. During my last night in Madrid back in 2012 and unbeknownst to me until that last night, a country-wide general strike had been called the following day affecting all public transport and flights into and out of Spain (see Madrid and how to survive a Spanish General Strike). I was extremely grateful for the free and unlimited internet access my hotel offered me to find out how on earth I was going to get to the airport, and whether the airport would even be open.
Know a few key words in the local language
Your accent and pronunciation may be terrible, but most locals will appreciate a ‘please’ and ‘thank-you’ in their own language, even if their English is as good as yours. Speaking very loudly and slowly in English is just patronising, so don’t be surprised if the customer service you receive in response is not what you were hoping for.
Languages were not my strongest nor fondest subjects at school, but having travelled a fair bit across Europe over the past decade I have developed a real desire and determination to try again and learn some basic Italian, French, German and Spanish. Of course, as soon as I try to practice what I have learnt in real situations with real mainland European people, my mind goes blank or I’ll end up saying something ridiculous like “can I leave my bag here until yesterday?” As a result, I always finish my sentences with a sweet, self-deprecating smile which almost always wins my listeners over … before they usually reply back to me in perfect English.
Salutations, yes/no and please/thanks are usually very easy to learn, if not known already. I like to learn the additional words “I would like …” and “this” in other languages also as they are immensely useful in all kinds of situations when accompanied by a polite finger point to my desired produce.
If however you have the time and inclination to learn some more useful phrases like “where is the bus stop?” I have had some satisfying success with the Teach Yourself series by Elisabeth Smith (the link is to Amazon. I have never met Ms Smith in my life and I am not making any money from this recommendation, nor by sending anyone to Amazon – honest). The scenario of Elisabeth meeting Andy (a self-proclaimed foreign-language-aphobe) on a plane and trying to teach him fifty useful words during the flight (usually 70 minutes) may leave the listener cringing at times, but it is amazing how quickly one can pick up these words and string them into useful sentences in such a short amount of time. (I’ve had to play the CD in stages over a period much longer than a day to truly feel confident I had learnt everything on the CD, but then everyone is different).
If you are looking for a more advanced language course so you can feel confident in using pronouns, tenses, verbs etc., and you have a lot more time to reach your goal, then I can not recommend and praise enough (without any financial gain procured as a result) the 12-CD courses devised and taught by Paul Noble (again the link is to Amazon where his courses can be bought from, and I am not making any money from featuring this link here). These courses in Italian, French, German and Spanish, produced by Collins are the most effective language courses I have ever come across. In a separate DVD that accompanies the course, the endearing and very intelligent Mr Noble explains his unique method of teaching (to not get bogged down with grammatical rules but to teach language more naturally and in a more simplistic order). He also modestly admits that when he tried to learn languages at school he didn’t even know what a verb was. You will be amazed how effective the method is and how your confidence will grow in speaking the language and constructing your own sentences using it.
Getting the best currency rates
Of course you will need some money with you in the currency of the country you are visiting, so if you need to change some cash, I would avoid using high-street banks, travel agents and the Post Office to do so, and certainly don’t wait until you reach the airport where their rates are horrendously lower than the market rate. Some banks and travel agents will profess to being commission-free, but they will probably give you a rate several Euros/Pounds/Dollars lower than the daily market rate making a nice profit for themselves at your expense.
My advice is to first go online and find out what the day’s market rate is for the currency you’re after. It’s actually very easy to find. So e.g. if you’re changing Sterling into Euros, simply type into Google Search “pound euro exchange rate” and you should get the daily rate without even needing to click on any of the links Google offers you. Then shop around amongst the local independent Bureau de Changes (if you have any near you) for a rate close to this. If you find a place offering a rate that’s around e.g two Euros less than the daily rate – and it’s commission free! – then that’s a great deal.
If you don’t have any independent Bureau de Changes near you then the banks and the Post Office are your only options, but again shop around amongst them for the best deal. Don’t be afraid to even ask for a better rate if they do seem to be several Euros/Pounds lower than the daily rate. It’s always worth a try.
If you haven’t got one already (and are not travelling for a least another five-six weeks) it’s worth shopping around for a credit card that offers a good exchange rate and the lowest charges for using it abroad. Don’t ever use a credit card to withdraw money abroad unless you are absolutely desperate, otherwise you will find you will be charged half as much again for the privilege. Use credit cards for purchases when cash is not a viable option. Moneysavingexpert.com offers weekly, updated, impartial advice on the best credit cards to use abroad and the fees that come with them.
Hotels may ask for a credit card to hold your reservation when you initially book a room with them, but don’t feel obliged to then settle your bill with the same credit card. Credit card details are only held as a guarantee by the hotel (should you not turn up) and they will not charge anything on your card unless you give them permission to (or you run off with one of their bath robes). You can pay with cash if you prefer to.
I have no problem using low cost airlines as long as they fly me to my desired destination within 40-45 minutes journey by train/bus to the city centre. Again, before you book just double check exactly where that airport is in relation to your final destination. Ryanair flies into the Swedish airport of Vasteras, which is also known as ‘Stockholm Vasteras’ even though it is over 100km from the Swedish Capital, and takes nearly an hour and a half by bus to get to from central Stockholm. What you may have saved on your low cost flight could all end up going on the fare for your taxi from the airport to your hotel, so double check before you book.
Also, check before even booking with a low cost airline what their restrictions are on the number, size and weight of hand luggage allowed to be taken onto their aircraft. You will be surprised how much they differ. Some airlines have the most ridiculously low weight threshold for hand luggage. I once flew with a low cost airline that strictly only allowed a maximum of EIGHT kilograms to be taken in hand luggage per passenger. As the flight was internal and only forty-five minutes long, I really didn’t want to check my hand luggage in but I knew I had more than eight kilograms in my bag. Even though it was a sweltering hot summer’s day, I took a cardigan and my jacket out of my bag and threw them on (there is no limit on how much you can wear when boarding a flight), then filled my pockets with as much as I could without looking too obvious: purse, mobile, keys, camera, guide book etc. I approached the check-in desk and furtively put my hand luggage on the scales. I don’t know how I was able to suppress my smugness and maybe the weight of my heaving pockets prevented me from punching the air triumphantly when the scales read back 7.9 kilograms! The check-in clerk seemed rather peeved as she handed me my boarding card and sent me – with hand luggage in tow – on my way to the gate.
Even if you desperately want to be one of the first off the aeroplane on landing, I think “Priority” booking on low-cost airlines is a complete waste of money (and a bit of a cheek by the airlines), especially if you’re travelling on your own. Save your pennies, and you will almost always find a single seat close to the front of the aeroplane regardless if you get on first or last. You could always risk going right to the back of the aircraft to get a seat near the back door, but depending on how busy/large the arrival airport is, that exit may not always be available on landing.
I always take the aisle seat. Seeing clouds close up out of the window is a wonderful sight indeed, but seeing the horizon bob up and down contributes to air sickness and I am prone to feeling a bit dizzy if I catch sight of the world outside during descent. Also, if you need the loo you don’t have to disturb the people sitting beside you to get by if you’re on the aisle seat. When I first flew to Rome and was still fairly new to my solo travels, I placed myself by the window only to have two rather large nuns come along and occupy the two seats beside me. As soon as the flight took off they both fell asleep for the whole two hours of flight and I was trapped in my seat. My bladder was so full on landing I could barely walk off the aircraft!
All London airports have plenty of eateries and sandwich bars in their departure lounges, so if you haven’t brought something from home (as said earlier, food is allowed through security in hand luggage as long as it is not liquid-based), buy something to eat and drink for the flight before you head for the gate. It will be much cheaper (if flying on a low cost airline who charges for snacks on board) and arguably more appetising than the fare cabin-crew will offer you during the flight.
In the days of only allowing one piece of hand-luggage per passenger onto their aircraft, I once stood in line to board a Ryanair flight with my suitcase and a sandwich bought from the departures lounge in a paper-bag. The cabin crew assistant insisted that I couldn’t bring the paper bag onto the aeroplane unless I put it in my suitcase, as it was seen as a second piece of luggage. Not wanting to put smelly food into my suitcase I asked her cheekily would it be acceptable if I just held the sandwich in my hand and threw the paper bag away. Thinking she would just ignore my sarcasm, to my surprise she actually said it was acceptable, and so that’s what I did.
I hope what I have said above has helped you in some way and contributes to you having a very pleasant, safe and enjoyable trip.